Joe Pass Jazz Guitar Licks

Joe Pass is undoubtedly one of the greatest jazz guitarists to ever play the instrument. He could play single-line solo, chord soloing phrases, perform in a trio, duo or solo setting with the best of them, and always be instantly recognizable by his tone and approach to the melodic and harmonic sides of jazz guitar playing.

Joe Pass started playing guitar when he was 9 and he was already playing at weddings when he was 14. In his 20’s he moved to New York, where Joe Pass got captured by the sound of bebop, but unfortunately, he also picked up a habit well known to jazz musicians of that time: heroin.

The next decade was wasted for Joe Pass, spending time in jails, until he entered Synanon, a drug rehabilitation center. In the center, he formed a band with other patients and recorded the album Sounds of Synanon, which was very well received by the jazz critics.

After 3 years in the center, he was cured of his addiction and he could move on with his musical career. He started playing in Los Angeles and got involved in the studio scene. In 1973 he recorded Virtuoso, an album that made him famous for solo jazz guitar playing.

Joe Pass recorded a duo album with Ella Fitzgerald and played with a lot of famous jazz musicians like Count Basie, Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington, and Oscar Peterson.

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In this lesson, we’ll be digging into 12 classic Joe Pass sounding licks.

After learning these lick in the given key, at a number of different tempos, check out the practice tips below to take this idea further and properly integrate it into your jazz guitar phrases and solos.

 

 

How to Practice These Licks?

To help you take this lick further in your jazz guitar practice routine, here are some of my favorite ways to practice licks:

  1. Learn licks in at least 2 octaves on the neck.
  2. Learn licks starting on each fret-hand finger in two octaves on the neck.
  3. Sing the roots of each chord as you play a lick on the guitar.
  4. Play the chords on the guitar while singing the notes to a lick.
  5. Repeat the above exercises in all 12 keys.
  6. Repeat the above exercises in a number of different tempos, from ballad to burning.

Joe Pass – Single Note Licks

Joe Pass Lick 1

The first Joe Pass lick that we will explore is a short ii V I phrase in the key of G major.

Although the second half of the lick is pretty straight forward, there is an interesting melodic technique over the Am7 chord at the start of the line that Joe Pass often used.

Here, there is a 3 to 9 arpeggio (Cmaj7) being used to outline the Am7 chord in the ii V I. Playing a maj7 arpeggio from the 3rd of any minor 7 chord is a common technique found in Joe’s solo lines.

 

Cmaj7 arpeggioCEGB
Played over Am7b35b79

 

Backing Track

Listen & Play Along

Joe Pass lick 1

 

To work on this idea further, try playing minor 7 chords, followed by maj7 arpeggios from the 3rd of that chord.

For example, play a Gm7 followed by a Bbmaj7 arpeggio:

 

Joe Pass arpeggio

 

Or a Dm7 followed by an Fmaj7 arpeggio:

 

Joe Pass arpeggio 2

 

Joe Pass Lick 2

In the next three-bar ii V I lick in the key of F major, you will find triplets being used in the first and second bars. This is a rhythmic characteristic of Joe’s playing and can be helpful when bringing a Joe vibe to your lines from a rhythmic perspective.

The triplet in bar two uses the b9-#9-b9 trio of notes, which are common melodic choices for Joe when soloing over 7th chords. Notice how the b9 is resolved into the root of the C7 chord so that it is not left hanging, bringing the tension to a close before moving on to the next chord in the progression.

These are the chords you can keep in mind when playing a #9 to b9 voice leading.

The b9 chord is a diminished chord built on the 3rd of C7:

 

Joe Pass chords

 

There is also a plain F triad at the start of the Fmaj7 chord in bar three of the phrase, which is a basic melodic device:

 

Joe Pass triads

 

Backing Track

Listen & Play Along

Joe Pass lick 2

 

Joe Pass Lick 3

The next single-note line is a minor ii V I line in the key of A minor.

There are some larger intervals in the first measure which Joe liked to use to build interest in his phrases.

The approach notes in the third bar are characteristic of Joe’s improvisations.

In the second bar, you will notice the notes G and F (#9 and b9) over the E7alt chord, which are used to build tension before being resolved into the root of that chord leading to the Am7 at the end of the phrase.

These are the voicings you can think under the #9 and b9:

 

Joe Pass chords 2

 

Backing Track

Listen & Play Along

Joe Pass lick 3

 

Joe Pass Lick 4

In this lick, a Db diminished scale is played over the C7 chord. To create a diminished scale, alternate between whole steps and half steps.

The diminished scale is a symmetrical scale, what means that it comes back every minor third:

Db diminished = E diminished = G diminished = Bb diminished.

This results in the following sounds over C7:

 

Db Diminished ScaleDbD#EF#GABbC
Played over C7b9#93b5513b71

 

A great way to create tension on the dominant chord: play a diminished scale that is a half step higher than the root of the dominant chord.

 

Listen & Play Along

Joe Pass lick 1

 

Joe Pass Lick 5

Here, a D minor triad arpeggio with an added 9 is played over the Bm7b5 chord, resulting in the following sounds:

 

Dm Add9DFAE
Played over Bm7b5b34b5b7

 

On the E7 an A harmonic minor scale is played:

 

A Harmonic MinorABCDEFG#
Played over E745b13b71b93

 

The harmonic minor scale is the first choice to play over dominant chords that resolve to a minor chord.

Listen & Play Along

Joe Pass lick 2

 

Joe Pass Lick 6

A nice ii V I lick starting with a pattern and then going to a Bbm7 arpeggio over the Db7 (sounds like Db13):

 

Bbm7 ArpeggioBbDbFAb
Played over Db713135

 

Listen & Play Along

Joe Pass lick 3

 

Joe Pass Lick 7

In this Joe Pass inspired chord lick, you can hear many of the idiomatic sounds that make up many of Joe’s solo guitar licks and phrases.

For this lick, try breaking it down into the mini phrases that make up each bar, that way you will be able to extract these ideas and use them in different combinations when coming up with your own solo jazz guitar lines.

 

Listen & Play Along

Joe Pass lick 4

Joe Pass – Chord Licks

Joe Pass Lick 8

The first Joe Pass chord lick that you will explore is a ii V I phrase in the key of G major.

Here, there are a number of drop 2 chords being used on the top-4 strings to outline the phrase, with a chromatic chord in the first measure that leads from the iim7 to the V7.

You might recognize this lick as a bit of a quote from the melody of In Your Own Sweet Way, which Joe recorded and performed throughout his career.

 

Backing Track

Listen & Play Along


Joe Pass lick 4

 

The Eb13 chord is a half-step approach chord that takes the listener from the Am7 to the D7 chord.

The half-step approach chord is an easy technique you can use to bring movement and variation into your chord comping or soloing. It works by approaching a chord from a half step below or a half step above the target chord.

For example, to go to an Am7 chord, play the G#m7 as an approach chord. This is an approach from a half step below the target chord:

 

Joe Pass approach

 

Or you can approach the same Am7 from a half step above the target chord:

 

Joe Pass approach 2

 

Joe Pass Lick 9

The following ii V I chord lick in the key of F major uses rootless chords throughout to bring added colors to each chord in the phrase.

The Bbmaj7 chord used over Gm7 in bar one is the same 3 to 9 concept you saw earlier in this lesson.

The Bbmaj7#11 chord played over C7 in the first half of that phrase is a common substitute used to bring a 13th sound to any 7th chord you are soloing over.

The red triangle on the chord diagram is not played, it just shows the root of C7:

 

Joe Pass chord substitution

 

Backing Track

Listen & Play Along

Joe Pass lick 5

 

Joe Pass Lick 10

The next Joe Pass lick is a long ii V I in the key of A minor.

The interesting part of this line is the Dm7b5 chord added over the E7alt part of the phrase:

 

Dm7b5 arpeggioDFAbC
Played over E7b7b93b13

 

Joe Pass chord substitution 2

 

As you can see in this chord lick, you can play iim7b5 – ivm7b5 – bIIImaj7 over a minor ii V I progression.

 

Backing Track

Listen & Play Along

Joe Pass lick 6

 

Joe Pass Lick 11

This chord lick uses a favorite rhythm from Joe’s solo guitar work, you can hear a similar idea during his version of Have You Met Miss Jones.

The idea is that you break up the chord into the bass note and the top 3 notes of the shape, alternating back and forth until you get to the chromatic approach notes in the last two 8th notes of each bar.

Try accenting the chords only, not the bass notes, to bring an added Joe sound to the mix with this line.

 

Listen & Play Along

Joe Pass lick 5

 

Joe Pass Lick 12

This last lick is a bluesy phrase with double stops that works great over ii V Is.

 

Listen & Play Along

Joe Pass lick 6

 

Here are a couple of important things that you can notice and take away from this lick, besides learning the lick itself.

Try bringing these larger concepts into your practice routine as you apply these ideas to soloing over ii v I chords, other chord progressions and full tunes in your daily practice routine:

  1. The rhythm used in the first half of the Gm7 bar, which is a common jazz rhythm used by many great players over the years, an 8th-note rest followed by an 8th-note and then an 8th-note triplet.
  2. The bluesy double-stops and Ab-A (blue note), in the second half of the first bar of the lick.
  3. Joe’s use of an enclosure (B-A-Bb), around the b7 (Bb) of the C7 chord in the second bar.
  4. The octave displacement between the last note of the enclosure (Bb) and the next note, A an octave higher than expected.
  5. Joe’s voice-leading between the last note of the C7 chord (F) and the first note (E) of the Fmaj7 chord, resulting in a smooth, half-step movement between those two chords.

Joe Pass – Autumn Leaves Solo

In this study over the chord changes of Autumn Leaves, you will see 6 licks from the above lesson being used in a musical situation.

Try working this solo in 8-bar sections so that you can break down the whole solo into manageable chunks as you work through it. From there, you can bring these shorter phrases together as you build up to being able to run the solo as a whole, taking these shorter licks to a larger-form application.

 

Backing Track

Listen & Play Along

Joe Pass Autumn Leaves solo 1

Joe Pass Autumn Leaves solo 2

 

Joe Pass was a true legend and probably the best all-around jazz guitarist who ever lived. Learning his lines can help you get into the ears, hands, and thought-process of this legendary player.

 

  • Marty says:

    great way to start the day! Thanks

  • Joel Brown says:

    Thanks for posting this. As a beginner your explanation of the notes and transistions is really helpful.
    Playing it like you do is not so easy but gives me a goal to strive for.

  • Gerard Hoeppner says:

    I am a new member to the site and am blown away by these resources! Beautiful. Thank you.

  • Bill von Zangenberg says:

    Great licks to learn and some great ideas on how to practice them. Thanks a bunch! Keep em coming, they are really exciting to learn.

  • Jimmy Mac says:

    As always, great stuff! Thanks!

  • Manny Roybal says:

    Very nice tab. You always have great tabs, thank you!

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