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10 Latin Jazz Guitar Rhythms


One of the styles that many players explore when expanding their knowledge of jazz is Latin jazz. With its syncopated rhythms, driving grooves and fun chord progressions, Brazilian jazz guitar is one of the most popular sub-genres of the music that we know and love.

 

 

 

 

To help you get your fingers, ears and head around the different grooves that make Latin jazz sound so good, here are 10 common rhythmic patterns that you can study which come from both the Brazilian and Cuban music traditions.

Though Brazilian jazz isn’t technically Latin music, such as salsa and other Cuban grooves are, we’ve included both countries in this lesson since they are the most commonly used non-swing styles that you find in the jazz genre.

Since they are so popular, having an understanding of both Brazilian and Cuban grooves on the guitar will go a long way in preparing you for any jazz jam or gigging situation.

For those of you that have studied Brazilian rhythms before, you'll be used to reading them in 2/4 time. But, to make it easier to read for those with a jazz and rock/pop background, the examples in this lesson are written in 4/4 time.

So, grab your guitar, turn up your amp and let’s dive into 10 classic Latin jazz guitar rhythms!

 

 

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Latin Jazz Guitar Rhythms 1 – Bossa Nova

We’ll begin with the first Brazilian based rhythm in this lesson, the Bossa Nova. While there are many variations of this pattern that you can learn in your own study, this is a basic Bossa guitar pattern that will allow you to confidently and authentically play any Bossa tune.

The key to playing this rhythm, and any Brazilian rhythm, is putting the accents in the right place. In this particular pattern, the chord on the & of 3 should be accented, meaning that it is a bit louder than all of the other chords and bass notes in the progression.

 

Listen & Play:

latin jazz rhythms 1

 

Now that we have learned a basic Bossa Nova pattern, let’s add in one more attack on the & of 4 of each bar, placing the following chord a half beat early in each measure. When doing so, you can also add a slight accent to the new attack on the & of 4 as well.

This is a tough task to get down, but it’s worth working out in the woodshed as anticipating chords is an essential skill when playing Brazilian rhythms, and it will be the basis for our variations moving forward in this lesson.

 

Listen & Play:

latin jazz rhythms 2

 

Latin Jazz Guitar Rhythms 2 – Reverse Bossa Nova

You can also play a reverse version of the Bossa rhythm that you just learned, the second example from the previous section, as you develop a second Bossa Nova rhythmic pattern to work on in the woodshed.

When practicing this pattern, which features the up beats in the first half of the bar followed by the down beats in the second half of the measure, you can keep the accents the same as the first Bossa groove, only now it’s the & of 1 and 2 in this version.

 

Listen & Play:

latin jazz rhythms 2

 

Latin Jazz Guitar Rhythms 3 – Samba

You’ll now look at a basic Samba pattern that uses the first Bossa rhythm, paired with the reversed version of itself to form a two-bar phrase.

That may be a bit advanced from a theory standpoint for some readers, reversing and pairing rhythms. So for now, just check out the pattern and know that you can use it over a Bossa tune as a variation compared to the Bossa rhythm that you just explored.

 

Listen & Play:

latin jazz rhythms 3

 

Latin Jazz Guitar Rhythms 4 – Reverse Samba

Again, you can take the samba rhythm you just learned, which was a bossa 1 and bossa 2 combination pattern, and reverse the order of each bar. When doing so, you play the reverse bossa first followed by the original bossa pattern in the second bar to form the longer, reverse samba pattern that you see below.

Once you have this pattern under your fingers, try playing over a Brazilian jazz tune and switching between both of the samba rhythms that you have learned up to this point in your studies.

 

Listen & Play:

latin jazz rhythms 4

 

Latin Jazz Guitar Rhythms 5 – Partido Alto

This next rhythm is a variation of the samba groove that you just studied, and is called a Partido Alto. Here, you will play a variation of the reverse bossa in bar one of the phrase, followed by the original bossa rhythm in the second measure of the groove.

When playing this pattern, try accenting each up beat over the two-bar phrase as you develop an authentic Brazilian swing feel when practicing and applying these patterns to your comping ideas over any Brazilian Jazz tune.

 

Listen & Play:

latin jazz rhythms 5

 

Latin Jazz Guitar Rhythms 6 – Baião

The last Brazilian groove that you’ll explore in this lesson is the Baião, which is rhythm from the North East of the country and one that is commonly used in Brazilian music.

Two items to look at with this rhythm are the bass notes, which are played on as a dotted 8th-note followed by a 16th-note tied to a quarter note on beats 1 and 3 of each bar. When working on this rhythm, try playing just the bass notes in the beginning until you can get that automatic in your thumb on the guitar.

The second item to look at is the switch from the first chord to the second chord of each bar on the & of 2, so a half beat before the chord actually occurs in the changes. Again, work on the chords separately to get this pattern down before pairing it up with the bass notes in the woodshed.

 

Listen & Play:

latin jazz rhythms 6

 

Latin Jazz Guitar Rhythms 7 – Salsa 1

The next rhythm that you’ll learn comes from the Salsa music of Cuba, and is also referred to as a 2/3 Clave Montuno.

This is a highly syncopated pattern, so take your time with it and feel free to focus on one bar at a time until each one is comfortable, and you can glue them back together after that.

 

Listen & Play:

latin jazz rhythms 7

 

Latin Jazz Guitar Rhythms 8 – Salsa 2

The next Salsa rhythm that you’ll learn is a variation of the previous Salsa rhythm, only this time it is a 3/2 Clave Montuno. As you can see, the pattern is very similar to the one you just learned, though this time it starts on the upbeat of the first bar, rather than the downbeat. This is a small item, but as you can hear it makes a big difference in the overall sound of the rhythm across four bars.

 

 

Listen & Play:

latin jazz rhythms 8

 

Latin Jazz Guitar Rhythms 9 – Salsa 3

The last two Salsa grooves that you’ll study in this lesson focus on fingerpicking chord shapes in your lines in order to add a bit of variety to your salsa phrases.

This first pattern uses a fingerpicked 8th-note line to open the first and third bars of the phrase, with syncopated single notes and double stops filling in the rest of the pattern.

 

Listen & Play:

latin jazz rhythms 9

 

Latin Jazz Guitar Rhythms 10 – Salsa 4

The final salsa rhythm is a reversal of the groove that you just learned, with the upbeat syncopations starting the phrase and the fingerpicked chords placed in the second and fourth bars of the phase. Once you have these two fingerpicking examples under your fingers, try combining exercises 9 and 10 from this lesson as you explore these Salsa grooves further.

 

Listen & Play:

latin jazz rhythms 10

 

 

 


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