Grant Green

Grant Green was one of the finest soloists to ever play jazz guitar. His playing was bluesy, full of bebop vocabulary, and swung hard no matter what situation he was in. Grant Green was a master jazz guitarist of the highest level, and it is definitely a good idea to spend some time learning Grant Green licks in your jazz guitar practice routine.

Grant Green - Idle Moments

Known as a bluesy player (and later on, the father of modern funk), Grant Green was also a talented bebop soloist who had a strong handle on bebop vocabulary and substitutions.

In this lesson, you will study Grant Green’s guitar playing style. You will learn several Grant Green licks, but beyond the licks, you’ll learn the building blocks for each phrase so that you know how to create your own Grant Green-sounding licks.

 

If you are looking to get some classic blues licks under your fingers, expand your bebop vocabulary, and work on your swing all at the same time, then Grant Green is the man to study.

Recommended Listening: Idle Moments

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Idle Moments

Idle moments is the most famous tune on Grant Green’s album Idle Moments, released in 1965. The song is written by piano player and Blue Note producer Duke Pearson.

In this section, you will learn the theme of Idle moments, which is a lot of fun to play.

 

Backing Track

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Grant Green - Idle Moments

 

Grant Green Lick 1 – ii V I in F Minor

This first lick uses two classic Grant Green approaches to minor key ii-Vs.

  • The Edim7 arpeggio in bar one implies a C7b9 chord.  Edim7 outlines the 3rd, 5th, b7 and b9 of C7, creating a rootless arpeggio in this instance.
  • The descending notes (C and Bb) over the pedal note G in the second half of bar one is another idiomatic Grant Green approach to building lines in this context.

 

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Grant Green Lick 1

 

Grant Green Lick 2 – ii V I in F Major

The next lick uses the G melodic minor scale over Gm7 in bar one, implying a GmMaj7 sound.

Applying the melodic minor scale to the iim7 chord is a characteristic of Grant’s playing, and it can be heard further during his solo over So What, where he uses melodic minor over large portions of that tune.

 

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Grant Green Lick 2

 

Grant Green Lick 3 – ii V I in F Major

The next ii V I lick uses a few chord substitutions to create a focus on the iim7 chord. In this case by playing Gm7-D7b9-Gm7, rather than outlining the written changes.

This type of substitution, playing a V7b9/iim7 in the middle of a ii V I, is something Grant Green loved to do and it’s a great way to expand your ii V I vocabulary.

 

Listen & Play Along

Grant Green Lick 3

 

Grant Green Lick 4 – ii V I in F Major

This lick uses a quick turnaround substitution over the last two bars of the phrase.

Rather than just playing over the Fmaj7 chord that’s in the progression, Grant would like to use turnarounds to create more interest over a static chord.

In this case, you can see the Imaj7-bIII-bVI-bII-Imaj7 turnaround being used. This turnaround progression is otherwise known as the Ladybird turnaround since it is the last two bars of the Tadd Dameron tune Ladybird.

 

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Grant Green Lick 5

 

Grant Green Lick 5 – Dominant

This is a pretty straight-forward dominant 7 lick in the style of Grant Green.

Here are two items worth looking at further in your practicing:

  • The first is the use of the note C (the b3) to create a bluesy sound over the A7 chord.
  • The second is the last four notes. This is a common bebop phrase where you play one note (F#) and then want to play the note below it (E) but you get there by playing the diatonic ascending triad to that note (in this case an A major triad).

 

Listen & Play Along

Grant Green Lick 4

 

Grant Green Lick 6 – ii V I in B Flat

Here is a lick over a ii V that goes to Bb7.

There’s a lot going on in this lick, of which you will learn more about below.

 

Listen & Play Along

Grant Green Lick 6

 

Here are the concepts used in this line that you can learn, practice, and expand upon in your soloing.

 

Am7b5 Over Cm7

The first concept in this lick has Grant Green using an Am7b5 arpeggio over a Cm7 chord.

When doing so, he creates a Cm6 sound in his line.

 

Am7b5ACEbG
Played over Cm61b35

 

As a rule, you can use a m7b5 arpeggio from the 6 of a m7 chord to create a m6 sound in your lines.

 

Here’s how that looks and sounds:

 

Listen & Play Along

Grant Green Lick Analysis 2

 

Ebmaj7 Over Cm7

You can also play an Ebmaj7 arpeggio over a Cm7 chord, creating the intervals b3-5-b7-9.

 

Ebmaj7EbGBbD
Played over Cmb35b79

 

As a rule, you can play a maj7 arpeggio from the b3 of any m7 chord to produce a rootless m9 sound.

 

Here’s how that concept looks and sounds so you can start to take it onto the guitar.

 

Listen & Play Along

Grant Green Lick Analysis 3

 

The Altered Scale

The altered scale is found in the solos of every great jazz guitarist, including Grant Green.

Below it is seen in the #9-b9 notes.

When used over 7th chords, the altered scale highlights the b9,#9,b5, and #5 intervals. Because of this, the scale creates a lot of tension that you have to address in your solos.

 

F Altered ScaleFGbG#ACbDbEb
1b9#93b5b13b7

 

Here are two fingerings for the altered scale to get you started with this important sound on the guitar.

 

Listen & Play Along

 

Cm Triad over F7

You also see a Cm triad over F7 in the line, which outlines the 5-b7-9 intervals of the F7 chord.

 

Cm TriadCEbG
Played over F75b79

 

As a rule, you can play a minor triad from the 5th of any 7th chord.

 

Here’s how that looks and sounds:

 

Listen & Play Along

Grant Green Lick Analysis 5

 

Approach Notes

Approach notes are chromatic notes that lead by half step into diatonic notes.

Most often they are used below diatonic notes, but you can also use them above.

In this lick, you see this as the B-C notes in the final bar.

Here’s how an approach note below looks like on paper:

 

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Grant Green Lick Analysis 6

 

Lower Neighbor Notes

The last concept is the lower neighbor tone, which you can see as LN in the guitar tabs below.

Lower neighbor notes are when you have a diatonic note (C for example), then you play a note just below that note (B) then back to the diatonic note (C).

 

So, C-B-C, with the B being the lower neighbor tone.

Here’s how that looks on paper:

 

Listen & Play Along

Grant Green Lick Analysis 7

 

Grant Green Blues Solo

To take this lick further, here’s a jazz blues solo that uses typical Grant Green lines, as well as the exact lick in the final four bars.

Learn the solo as is, then begin to integrate these ideas into your soloing vocabulary from there.

 

Backing Track

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Grant Green Lick Analysis 8

 

Grant Green Soloing – Dominant Chord Concepts

In this section, you will focus on Grant Green’s dominant 7th concepts.

You’ll zoom in on three main ideas in this lesson. By working on V7alt lines in major and minor keys, as well as the dominant bebop scale, you’ll get a glimpse into the playing style of one of jazz’s greatest guitarists.

Check these lines out, work the concepts behind them further in your playing, and when ready, learn the sample solo at the end of the section.

 

Grant Green Soloing – Major V7alt Lines

To begin your study of Grant Green dominant chord concepts, you will look at how Grant added altered notes to major key V7 chords.

Normally you think of adding altered notes (b9, #9, …) to minor key V7 chords, but you can use them in major keys as well.

Here are two examples of Grant using V7alt chords to create tension and resolution in his major key ii V I soloing lines.

The first line uses the b9 and #9 over the V7 chord in a ii V I progression in Eb major.

Notice how the altered notes are then resolved to the root note of the underlying chord. As the root is a very strong chord tone (the strongest in fact), this line has a strong resolution.

This allows for the altered notes to create tension and resolution, rather than just tension, which can cause your lines to sound out of place without that resolution.

 

Listen & Play Along

grant green soloing 1

 

In this second major ii V I line, again the b9 and #9 are used over the V7 chord to create tension. These notes are resolved to the note Bb, the 5th of Ebmaj7.

Alongside the altered notes, there’s a raised 7th interval over the Fm7 chord, creating a melodic minor sound over this chord.

 

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grant green soloing 2

 

Grant Green Soloing – Dominant Bebop Lines

Another way that Grant liked to spice up his dominant 7th lines is to use the dominant bebop scale over that chord.

The dominant bebop scale is a Mixolydian scale with an added 7th note.

 

Mixolydian Scale123456b7
Bebop Scale123456b77

 

In this first bebop scale phrase, the Bb dominant bebop scale is used in bar one, in anticipation of the Bb7 in bar two of the phrase.

Notice that the major 7 interval (A) is placed on the 4th beat of the bar.

As long as you resolve the passing note in a bebop scale you can place it anywhere in the bar you please. But, if you don’t resolve that note, either down to the b7 or up to the root, it’ll sound out of place no matter where you use it in your line.

 

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grant green soloing 3

 

The next bebop line again uses the Bb dominant bebop scale in bar one of a ii V I, where Grant is thinking V7-V7-I.

You’ll notice the A (the bebop note) accented on beat two of the phrase, before being resolved into beat three on the Ab.

 

Listen & Play Along

grant green soloing 4

 

Grant Green Soloing – Minor V7alt Lines

As well as using altered notes over major V7 chords, Grant also brought these tension notes into his minor key solos.

In this section, you will look at two ways to bring altered notes into your V7 lines:

  1. Dim7 arpeggios
  2. Adding b9 and #9 over the underlying chord

One of Grant’s favorite ways to color V7 chords in a minor key is with a 3 to b9 arpeggio, which you can see in the line below.

By playing Bdim7 over G7alt, Grant highlights the 3, 5, b7, and b9 intervals of the underlying chord.

 

Bdim7BDFAb
Played over G735b7b9

 

When soloing over dominant chords, you can always play a dim7 arpeggio from the 3rd of that dominant chord to create a b9 arpeggio.

 

Notice that here Grant resolves that b9 into the root and down to the b3 of Cm7 (Eb).

 

Listen & Play Along

grant green soloing 5

 

The next minor V7alt lick uses the b9, #9, and #4 to create tension over that bar in the phrase, before resolving that tension over Cm7. Starting a V7alt line with a b9-#9-b9 triplet is a common way to add those tension notes to your lines.

From there, the C# (#4) is used as a lower neighbor tone, resolving up to the D (5) of the underlying chord.

 

Listen & Play Along

grant green soloing 6

 

Grant Green Soloing – Solar Solo

In this Solar solo, you’ll use most of the previous lines to create a one-chorus solo etude that you can learn and work into your own playing.

Notice the double-time lick in the last phrase, which is a lick you’ve already learned, though this time played twice as fast to fit into the space given to those chords.

When working on fast licks, such as 16th-note phrases, you can often just take a normal lick and play it twice as fast. This approach is being used here to squeeze that lick into two bars, rather than four bars.

 

Backing Track

Listen & Play Along

grant green soloing 7

 
Major 2-5-1 Chord Progression

  • Bradford L Romans says:

    How do I print this lesson?
    Thx

    • Dirk Laukens says:

      Hi Bradford, there’s a “Print & PDF” button below the lesson, next to the social media buttons, above the comments and related lessons.

  • Salvador García says:

    Muchas gracias. El artículo es magnífico, gran lección!

  • David says:

    I really like how you added the piano fills in the Idle Moments theme. Also, the double stops to add in the vibraphone parts. These make it really fun to play!

  • Mårten Moberg says:

    Hey Matt, really love your work on Grant Green! But I’d like to challenge you on bar 14 of Idle Moments – I’d bet my sweet ES335 it should be an Ab7 (or 13), not a maj7th there. At least that’s what I’m hearing on the original rec. What do you (and all the rest of you people out there) think…?
    Cheers,
    Marten M. in Stockholm

    • Dirk Laukens says:

      Hey Mårten, it’s me playing Idle Moments. You’re right, it is an Ab7, thanks for letting me know.

  • Ryan says:

    isn’t the 6 of Cm7 an Ab instead of A? The first sub of lick 6 confuses me.

    • Matt Warnock says:

      Hey, the 6 is A, the b6 is Ab. hope that helps

  • Teo says:

    Once you build interest in making music no matter what kind of genre it is.In order to reach the level of expertise never stop learning. Thanks For This!

  • kilicoskay says:

    Thank you!

  • marcelo ladeiras says:

    Great article. thank you so much

  • Ray Shelton says:

    So far you’ve put out books of licks by Joe, Pat, Wes, George, etc.
    Why not a book of Grant’s licks?
    Thanks

  • Gabriel Shamai says:

    Wow very nice, thank you!

  • alex becky says:

    extremely helpful article.

    • r fray says:

      This is a gasssssssss!!! THANK YOU

  • vincent j parrella says:

    I love Grant Green,To me he is a Horn player who happens to play guitar.Love the lesson Matt.

  • mike says:

    Anyone know what album solar is on? Tried googling grant green solar but comes back with various government eco funding schemes

    • Matt Warnock says:

      Hey, it’s not from any album, it’s a solo I wrote based on the Grant licks from this lesson. Cheers.

  • Brian says:

    Thanks! I’ve tried for years to make it through theory classes and I could never quite get it. I’m no Thelonius Monk, who never needed lessons, but your teaching method has made it all clear to me. Love it ! By the way could you please recommend bass lessons online?

  • Ros Hallyburton says:

    A very smooth player was Grant Green, thank you for these licks

  • David Szabo says:

    Cool licks and a very well built up lesson, thanks!

    • Paul says:

      Are you related to the great guitarist Gabor Szabo….?

      • David Szabo says:

        Nope. It’s a quite common surname in Hungary, I know four Gabor Szabo:) But he was a great great guitarist.

  • Robert Harris says:

    I have been enthralled with Green’s playing for 20+ years, and rarely did the man play a sour note or make a bad album. Check out “Steeet Of Dreams”, “Idle Moments’, or “The Complete Quartets With Sonny Clark” to get a feel for what Grant Green was about. Pure beauty-

  • Mike Tripodo says:

    This is a crazy coincidence.. Just last week I heard my first Grant Green (Let ’em Roll by Big John Patton, Blue Note Records) and I thought it was up there with the best guitar albums I’ve ever heard, rock or jazz. Thanks for this!

    Mike in NJ

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