Take Five – Paul Desmond Licks For Guitar

Take Five is a classic jazz standard that many guitarists learn at one time or another in their development. But, while it can seem like a straight-forward progression that only uses two chords, creating a memorable solo over this tune is tougher than it seems. 

To help you solo over Take Five, and learn more about the soloing techniques of one of jazz’s greatest improvisers, here are five classic Paul Desmond licks that you can add to your repertoire.

Not only will these lines help you navigate the Take Five chords, but you will also get into the mind of a jazz sax legend at the same time.

Each lick is broken down so you can understand the material behind the lick, allowing you to add these lines to your vocabulary and increase your understanding of jazz improvisation at the same time.

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Take Five Scales

All licks in this lesson use the same guitar scale, Eb Dorian.

The Eb Dorian scale comes from the parent key of Db major, as Dorian is the second mode of Db.

This means that when you play Eb Dorian, you are playing all the notes of the Db major scale, but starting from Eb rather than Db.

Here’s how that looks on paper:

 

Db Major ScaleDbEbFGbAbBbC
1234567
Eb Dorian ScaleEbFGbAbBbCDb
12b3456b7

 

 

Here are two fingerings for Eb Dorian that you can learn on the guitar, one from the 6th string root and one from the 5th string root:

 

Eb Dorian Scale 1

 

Eb Dorian Scale 2

 

Take 5 Lick 1 [starts at 1:05 in the video]

The first lick features a few nice leaps, such as the Bb to Eb in the first bar, as well as Paul Desmond’s characteristic use of space in the line.

This use of space is a part of the “Cool Jazz” sound that Desmond was famous for, and it helped define his voice on the instrument.

 

 

Take 5 Paul Desmond Lick 1

 

Take 5 Lick 2 [starts at 1:12 in the video]

In this Paul Desmond lick, you’ll see a line played in both bars, with a different ending for that lick in each measure.

This is a common jazz phrasing technique found in the solos of many great players, most notably Wes Montgomery on the guitar.

Here, you play the same phrase in the first half of both bars but then resolve that phrase differently in each bar.

This allows you to use the same line in two measures and not sound repetitive, it’s about developing the idea rather than repeating it exactly.

 

 

Take 5 Paul Desmond Lick 2

 

Take 5 Lick 3 [starts at 1:26 in the video]

In this lick, you’ll notice the use of the Ab triad over Ebm in the second measure.

When playing over minor or m7 chords, such as Ebm in this tune, you can use the related V or V7 chord to create color in your lines.

This means that if you are in the key of Db major, the iim chord is Ebm and the V chord is Ab.

By playing the V chord over the iim chord, you highlight the 11, 13, and root notes of the underlying chord.

This is a cool way to spice up your lines without doing anything more complicated than playing a diatonic triad in your lines.

 

 

Take 5 Paul Desmond Lick 3

 

Take 5 Lick 4 [starts at 1:34 in the video]

This is a “slow burner” lick, one that starts of slow and then picks up the pace as you move through the five-bar phrase.

By approaching the line this way, Desmond used space in the beginning, with fewer notes, as he builds intensity and increases the note volume by the end of the line.

When soloing over longer phrases, such as this five-bar line, try working your solos in this fashion.

Starting slow and building momentum is not only an effective way to mix up your phrasing, but it will also create energy and forward motion in your lines at the same time.

 

 

Take 5 Paul Desmond Lick 4

 

Take 5 Lick 5 [starts at 1:41 in the video]

In this final lick, you see another example of Desmond starting each bar with the same material, while the second half of the bar end differently each time.

As you can see, in this phrase he does this over a four-bar span, much longer than the examples you saw previously.

In order to recreate a line like this in your playing, you’ll have to be able to keep the melodic idea at the start of the bar in your ears and memory.

To do this, practice repeating small musical motives in your solos, which will help you work on keeping those ideas in your playing, coming back to them time and again as you develop them throughout your solo.

 

 

Take 5 Paul Desmond Lick 5

 

Take Five Trivia

  • Take Five was written by alto saxophonist Paul Desmond and performed by The Dave Brubeck Quartet on the album Time Out (1959).
  • In 1961 it became the biggest-selling jazz single ever.
  • Take Five was one of the first jazz compositions with a time signature other than 4/4 or 3/4.
  • The single is a different recording than the LP version, most of the drum solo is omitted.
  • The performance royalties of Take 5 (and all other Paul Desmond compositions) go to the American Red Cross.

 

The Jazz Guitar Practice Guide

 

  • Erwin says:

    There are also a few Eb minor pentatonic licks,e.g. the theme!

  • Bruce says:

    If Take 5 is in Eb Dorian (2nd mode of Db) then why is the key sig in all the Real Books six flats (Gb) instead of 5 flats (Db)? That would be Eb natural minor, not Dorian. I’m confused.

  • Krenwin says:

    Fantastic, Thanks

  • Julio Matos says:

    Every time I run into a jazz group doing their thing, I request this song. Always sounds different and no solos are alike. That’s what makes this tune so unique. Thanks

  • Pat Rhodes says:

    Where’s that confounded bridge? This song has more than two chords. The bridge is fairly tricky (timing) and to me is the essence of the song. So is the melody that is not that easy to play in Ebm position but lots of fun to get down.
    Thanks for the work, it is much appreciated.

    • Dirk Laukens says:

      Hey Pat, the solo in the original recording is on only the Ebm/Bbm7 part…

      • Phil says:

        Is this key signature G flat? Thanks!

        • Dirk Laukens says:

          Hi Phil, Take Five is in Eb minor (the relative minor of Gb major).

  • paul holden says:

    This is really helpful. I am struggling with jazz guitar in general and this gives me a really solid basis to work on. Thanks very much.

  • Gordon Hooper says:

    Thanks Dirk. This is an old favourite of mine, and a very useful article from you. I think that Paul Desmond is somewhat underrated by many. For me, I know of no other alto sax player that produces such a sweet and mellow tone. Many great sax players, to my mind, err on the side of sounding a little too brash!

  • kevin carey says:

    You have a great site. I get so involved with all other things in life, I forget about things. I plan to get going on my guitar once again, and offer more support! thanks Kevin c

  • Edward says:

    Thank you. This is one of my favorite tunes.

  • James in Indiana says:

    Great lesson!

    I’ve been playing this song for close to 30 years. It’s just one of those songs that never gets stale.

    Thanks!

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