Band in a Box Tips & Tricks

PG Music’s Band in a Box is well known among jazz musicians as intelligent automatic accompaniment software that makes it easy to produce backing tracks on the fly. I have been using BIAB since the late ’90s and while the earliest versions only used MIDI, the modern version of the program uses recordings of real studio musicians playing real instruments (called RealTracks and RealDrums), a serious advancement in the quality of the sound.

While it is easy to get a basic backing track going, Band in a Box has a lot of features and can do a lot more compared to alternatives such as iReal Pro.

In this tutorial, you will learn how to use Band in a Box for jazz guitar practice, starting with a review of the basics.


Support this site and buy your copy of Band in a Box 2022 here + you get a 10% discount on the regular price by using the coupon BIAB2022 during checkout.


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Setting The Tempo, Number of Bars, and Number of Choruses

Band in a Box tempo


When you first open BIAB, you start with a blank canvas.

The first thing you will do is set the tempo of the song we are creating a backing track for (Autumn Leaves in this case).

You can do this in three ways:

  1. Tap the line next to the tempo display at least four times in the tempo you want to play in.
  2. Use the up and down arrows to set your desired tempo.
  3. Click the tempo display and type your tempo in the popup box.

Next, we will set how many bars our song will have, 32 in the case of Autumn Leaves. We will do this by entering “32” in the “End” box (4).

Finally, we will set how many choruses Band in a Box should play by entering a number in the “Choruses” box (5).


Entering Chords in Band in a Box

Now we are ready to enter the chords of Autumn Leaves into BIAB.

To enter a chord, you simply type the root and extension of the chord and then click enter.

Here are a few things to keep in mind when entering chords in Band in a Box:

  1. To enter a flat, use the letter “b” (Eb7 for example).
  2. To enter a sharp, use the # symbol or the number “3” (for example, F3m7b5 will result in an F#m7b5 chord).
  3. It doesn’t matter if you type upper or lower case. Typing “d7” will give you a D7 chord, in fact, you will never have to use the Shift key when entering chords.


Band-in-a-Box® for Windows® - Entering Chords in Band-in-a-Box®


Chord Shortcuts

Here are a few shortcuts you can use to enter chords for your jazz rhythm tracks:

  • J = Maj7 (typing “fj” will result in an Fmaj7 chord)
  • H = m7b5 (H for half-diminished)
  • D = dim7
  • S = Sus4

Another great shortcut is that you can download many free Band in a Box songs and jazz standards online or this file that contains all songs of the Real Book.


Chord List

Here is a list of chord types that are recognized by Band in a Box:

Major Chords

C, C6, Cmaj7, Cmaj9, Cmaj13, C69, Cmaj7#5, C5b, Caug, C+, Cmaj9#11, Cmaj13#11

Minor Chords

Cm, Cm6, Cm7, Cm9, Cm11, Cm13, Cmaug, Cm#5, CmMaj7

Half diminished Chords


Diminished Chords


Dominant 7th Chords

C7, 7+, C9+, C13+, C13, C7b13, C7#11, C13#11, C7#11b13, C9, C9b13, C9#11, C13#11, C9#11b13, C7b9, C13b9, C7b9b13, C7b9#11, C13b9#11, C7b9#11b13, C7#9, C13#9, C7#9b13, C9#11, C13#9#11, C7#9#11b13

C7b5, C13b5, C7b5b13, C9b5, C9b5b13, C7b5b9, C13b5b9, C7b5b9b13, C7b5#9, C13b5#9, C7b5#9b13, C7#5, C13#5, C7#5#11, C13#5#11, C9#5, C9#5#11, C7#5b9, C13#5b9, C7#5b9#11, C13#5b9#11, C7#5#9, C13#5#9#11, C7#5#9#11, C13#5#9#11

Sus 4 Chords

Csus, C7sus, C9sus, C13sus, C7susb13, C7sus#11, C13sus#11, C7sus#11b13, C9susb13, C9sus#11, C13sus#11, C9sus#11b13, C7susb9, C13susb9, C7susb9b13, C7susb9#11, C13susb9#11, C7susb9#11b13, C7sus#9, C13sus#9, C7sus#9b13, C9sus#11, C13sus#9#11, C7sus#9#11b13

C7susb5, C13susb5, C7susb5b13, C9susb5, C9susb5b13, C7susb5b9, C13susb5b9, C7susb5b9b13, C7susb5#9, C13susb5#9, C7susb5#9b13, C7sus#5, C13sus#5, C7sus#5#11, C13sus#5#11, C9sus#5, C9sus#5#11, C7sus#5b9, C13sus#5b9, C7sus#5b9#11, C13sus#5b9#11, C7sus#5#9, C13sus#5#9#11, C7sus#5#9#11, C13sus#5#9#11


The Chord Builder

Another way to enter chords into Band in a Box is by using the Chord Builder.

The Chord Builder lets you choose a root note, a chord extension, and a type of voicing (root position, closed voicing, or open voicing) and can be accessed by clicking the “Chord Builder” icon.


Band in a Box Chord Builder


The Chord Substitution Wizard

The Chord Substitution Wizard is accessible by going to Edit > Chords > Chord Substitutions Dialogue (choose your own).

This dialogue gives you suggestions on all possible chord substitutions that you can use for a given chord progression.

This is a great way to bring variety to your jazz tunes and chord progressions and learn chord theory at the same time.


Band in a Box chord substitutions


Copying Bars

Because jazz standards usually have recurring sections, it’s a good idea to learn how to copy bars so you don’t have to enter the same chords multiple times.

There are three ways to copy bars:

  1. Highlight the section you want to copy by click-dragging with your mouse. Press “CTRL + C” (or right-click and choose “Copy”), go to the bar where you want to insert your copied chords, and press “CTRL + V” (or right-click and choose “Paste”).
  2. Another method is to click in the bar you want your chords to be pasted and type “K”, followed by “Enter”. This will copy the previous eight bars to the bar you are in now. You can also type “K4” (or any other number) and this will copy the previous four bars.
  3. Yet another method is to highlight the section you want to copy, then click and hold the first bar number of that section and drag it to where you want it to be copied.
Band-in-a-Box® for Windows: Copying Bars


Syncopation, Shots, Holds, and Variations

Band in a Box variations


Now that you know how to enter chords into BIAB, let’s have a look at some ways to bring variation into your backing track arrangements.

  1. By default, BIAB uses two chords per measure, but you can also put chords on every beat by using a comma between chords. BIAB also recognizes slash chords such as Am7/G (Am7 with G in the bass).
  2. You can add syncopation to the chords by adding a caret sign (^) in front of the chord. This will push the chord by an eight note.
  3. By adding two caret signs (^^), the chord will be pushed by a sixteenth note.
  4. You can add shots and holds to a chord by right-clicking a chord and going to “Chord Options”. You can shot or hold certain instruments while others continue playing. An alternative way to do this is by typing periods after your chord: Cmaj7. (a pure break), Cmaj7.. (first a shot, then a break), Cmaj7… (holds the chord until a new chord). Breaks are, besides being an arrangement tool, a good way to practice your timing and tempo control.
  5. Clicking once on a bar number will turn it blue and will make BIAB play a drum fill.
  6. Clicking a second time on a bar number will turn it green and will make BIAB play a variation of the current style, usually a bit busier. This is ideal for a B section of a jazz standard, for a chorus, or for a solo section.


Picking a Style

BIAB 2020 Pro has over 900 styles spread over genres such as jazz, ballads, bebop, bossa nova, smooth jazz, gypsy jazz, jazz-funk, swing, crooner, blues,  bluegrass, pop, rock, country, reggae, folk, praise & worship, …

With so many styles available, it’s a good idea to organize your favorite styles, which you will learn in the next video.

Band-in-a-Box® 2019 for Windows: Setting And Organizing Your Favorite Styles


Muting Instruments

Another useful feature of Band in a Box is the ability to mute instruments.

You can do this by right-clicking an instrument in the instrument bar on top and selecting “Mute”.

Some examples of what you can use muting for:

  • Mute the bass to practice walking bass lines.
  • Mute the piano to practice comping or playing themes or solos in chord-melody style.
  • Mute drums and piano to play in a bass/guitar duo.

Band in a Box - How to mute instruments


Bar Settings

By right-clicking a bar (or pressing F5), you can open the Bar Settings dialogue.

In the Bar Settings dialogue, you can change the following:

  • Number of beats in the bar
  • Tempo
  • Key signature
  • Style
  • Instruments


Band-in-a-Box® for Windows: Bar Settings Overview


Band in a Box


Roman Numerals and Transposing

Band-in-a-Box® for Windows: Chord Sheet Display Options

You can access the “Display Options” dialogue by right-clicking anywhere in the chord window and selecting “Display Options”.

You can change all kinds of options here, but I usually use this dialogue to:

  1. Change the chord display to Roman numerals.
  2. To transpose a standard I’m working on to another key.


The Lead Sheet Window (Sight Reading Practice)

By clicking the “Lead Sheet” button, the lead sheet window pops up.

There, you can select any instrument and the notes played by that instrument will show on an animated lead sheet.

These charts are ideal to improve your sight reading skills!


Band in a Box lead sheet window


The Guitar Window

The guitar fretboard window in BIAB shows you the correct fingerings and chord voicings of what is being played in your BIAB files.

It also has a function to generate guitar chord solos based on the notes in the Melody or Soloist track.

The fretboard window has support for left-handed guitar players and 11 alternate tunings such as DADGAD, various open tunings, and drop D.

Making Notation for Guitar in Band-in-a-Box


Direct Input Guitar and Amplitube Cab Simulation

Band in a Box comes with a free version of Amplitube, a VST plugin that you can use to add cab simulation and effects to your guitar input and audio tracks.

Recording your guitar solos over Band in a Box is a great way to improve your playing because you get to hear how your lines sound in a realistic setting.

Band-in-a-Box: Direct Input & AmpliTube


The Soloist Function

The soloist function in BIAB generates a solo that matches the type of music and chord progression of your choice.

This is a great way to come up with new ideas that you can use in your own improvisation over jazz standards.

Here’s a small selection of soloist styles that are available in the 2020 Pro version: John Coltrane, Miles Davis, Charlie Parker, Barney Kessel, George Benson, Pat Martino, Joe Pass, Django Reinhardt, Wes Montgomery, Pat Metheny, Toots Thielemans, and many more.

Band-in-a-Box® for Windows: The Soloist Overview


The Scale Wizard

The BIAB Scales Wizard is a great tool for practicing jazz standards because you can see the scales that are used for each chord of a given progression in Band in a Box.

You can access the Scale Wizard by going to Soloist > Scales > Generate Scales.

The generated scales will be shown on the Soloist track and can be viewed in notation, on the guitar fretboard, or in the piano window.


Band in a Box Scale Wizard


The Ear Training Window

Band in a Box features a full-fledged ear trainer in which you can practice chords, intervals, music replay, and even play a game (with UFOs!) to practice pitch recognition in chords.


Band in a Box Ear Training


Woodshedding with Band in a Box (Speed Training)

You can access the “Woodshed” window by going to Window (in the top menu) > Practice Window > “Woodshed” Tempo.

Here, you can practice your guitar playing at increasing tempos.

Specify a “Woodshed” tempo (5 for example), a bpm value used to increase the tempo after each loop.

Woodshedding with Band-in-a-Box


Popular Hot Keys

To make your workflow more efficient, it’s a good idea to start using hot keys.

Band-in-a-Box® for Windows: Popular Hot Keys

The following list shows you the hot keys I often use:

  • Space Bar – play or pause
  • T + number + enter – sets the tempo. For example, typing T85 sets the tempo to 85 bpm.
  • TR + key + enter – transposes your chords to another key. For example, typing TRC transposes your song to C.
  • S + enter – opens the style picker.
  • Ctrl + shift + G – opens the guitar neck window.
  • Alt + 2-9 – mutes or unmutes instruments. For example, alt + 4 mutes the piano.
  • F1 – opens the help window.
  • F2 (or Ctrl + S) – saves the song to your hard drive.
  • F3 – opens a BIAB song.


More Features in Band in a Box

There’s a lot more to Band in a Box than what is featured in this tutorial, but it’s too much to describe it all here (the user manual is over 600 pages long).

Here are some more features in Band in a Box that I didn’t include above:

  • The Melodist – creates songs in a specific style with an intro, chord progression, melody, …
  • The Audio Chord Wizard – finds out the chords of an mp3 file.
  • The Reharmonist – creates a chord progression based on a melody.
  • Video Slow Downer – you can load a video in BIAB and slow it down while staying perfectly in sync. Very handy for transcribing!
  • iOS App – with this app for iPhone or iPad, you can remote control BIAB.
  • VST plugin – allows you to use BIAB inside your DAW of choice (GarageBand, Reaper, Cubase, Pro Tools, Ableton, …)


Do you have questions about how you can use BIAB for your guitar practice or tips that I haven’t covered in this tutorial? Let us know in the comments below…


Support this site and buy your copy of Band in a Box 2022 here + you get a 10% discount on the regular price by using the coupon BIAB2022 during checkout.


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54 thoughts on “Band in a Box Tips & Tricks”

  1. Leo

    Hi Dirk,

    Thanks for the great article. I used to practice jazz using BiaB, is there a better way to enter jazz progressions in all keys? Or do I need to enter them manually every time?

  2. Francis

    Hi Dirk,
    Great tutorial! Manu Thanks.

    On Biab 2022 for Mac, is it possible for a guitar track to see a suggested fingering? (1234) In score notation i find notes, but no fingering.

    Thanks in advance


  3. Ray

    hi this is really a cool tutorial, but… how do you save a song after you have created it?

    1. Dirk Laukens

      Hi Ray, in the menu, go to File > Save Song. To export as .wav or .mp3, go to Audio > Export Song as Audio File.

      1. MAL

        Are the selected soloists solos notated?

        1. Dirk Laukens

          Hi Mal, yes they are.

  4. Wick Beavers

    I started with the basic version back in 2021. After a couple of months, I HAD to HAVE the Audiophile Mac version of BIAB 2021. It absolutely kills it. And I’m just slowly but surely unlocking the seemingly ENDLESS learning and playing tools incorporated within the app- it’s AMAZING!
    Well, I found Henry Clarke (YouTube) and I found you. Sorry I’d not bought the app here with the discount, but I REALLY appreciate your straight forward and easy to understand lessons. This is, along with Henry’s site, the best I’ve found for learning how to best exploit all the goodies in BIAB!

  5. David

    If I purchase the pro version and later find I want the Mega or Ultra versions do I have to purchase them for the full price or is there an upgrade option to Mega or Ultra?


  6. Anonymous

    In the Scale Wizard, why does the graphic show D7 with G# notes over it, but on my version, with the same chords listed, they show up as G naturals?

    1. Dirk Laukens

      There is an option called “Use Jazz Scales” in the “Generate Scales…” dialogue that you can turn on or off. When you turn it on it uses the #11 from the dominant diminished scale.

  7. Malcolm Marshall

    Hi Dirk, you mentioned that BIAB can be used inside GarageBand, how does this all work please?

  8. Mike C.

    Ummm, is it me, or is Autumn Leaves not in that collection of Real Book tunes?

    1. Dirk Laukens

      You’re right! I added it to the archive…

  9. Ray

    In my chord progression I have some blank measures. I have no idea how they got there.They don’t seem to affect the progression but I have tried to delete them with no success . Suggestions please.

    1. Dirk Laukens

      Hi Ray, blank measures are a repetition of the chord in the previous measure. So if you want two bars of Dm7, you type Dm7 in the first bar and leave the second bar blank.

  10. Joachim

    How can I edit a repetition with two different endings?
    Like in the form of AA’BA, where the repetition of part A differs in the last to bars.

    1. Dirk Laukens

      Hi Joachim, to do that, right-click on a chord and select “Repeats/Codas/1st-2nd Endings” and then enter the relevant information.

  11. Dennis

    Ref: BIAB 2021
    Is it possible to enter two chords in a single beat such as a chord on each eighth count of the first quarter note?

    1. Dirk Laukens

      Hi Dennis, unfortunately it’s not possible to enter two chords in one beat, BIAB only supports four chords in a bar.

      1. Mike Crutcher

        Except that the user could enter a chord on, say, beat one, enter a different chord on beat two, and then have it push the chord by an 8th note, which would effectively give a chord on the first beat as well as a different chord on the “and” after beat one.

    2. Anonymous

      Hi Dennis,
      BIAB 2022 does allow multiple chords on a beat. There’s a video on YouTube by PGMusic that describes several new features in the 2022 version and this is one of them.

  12. Jonathan Potts

    Hi Dirk
    I just wanted to say a very big thank you for the Realbook BIAB song files. They work perfectly and will be immensely useful!

  13. Mark Pashalis

    Hey Dirk. I downloaded the zip file from the link provided in the article ( for the Real Book Songs. The zip file contains files with extensions(mgu, mg1, sgu, mg4, mg8, mgh). These don’t seem to be recognized by the current version of BIAB. Is the link correct? Is there some way to import these? These appear to be files for an application called MusiGenesis.
    Thanks in advance for any help and thanks again for the great tutorial.

    1. Dirk Laukens

      Hi Mark, these are all BIAB files. I suspect something went wrong with associating the file types. You can re-associate these files by right-clicking them and selecting “open with” and then chose BIAB as the default software to open them. Cheers!

  14. Mark A Pashalis

    Great tutorial… I think? I was trying to follow along but it says to set the number of bars to 32 “we will set how many bars our song will have, 32 in the case of Autumn Leaves”. The next step is to enter the chords which unfortunately aren’t given but I thought, “I’ll just open the Autumn Leaves link but alas bar 1 begins with the Autumn Leaves Melody and lasts for 33 bars, more than the the tutorial says to set.
    – Confused.

    1. Dirk Laukens

      Hi Mark, good question. The form of Autumn Leaves is 32 measures long, but the melody starts before the first measure. This is called a pickup measure aka anacrusis. In the case of Autumn Leaves, you start on the & of the second beat.

      1. Mark A Pashalis

        Dirk, thanks for the quick response. Now I can continue learning all the great material in this. Thanks so much for sharing!

      2. John

        Hi. How do you generate a pickup measure at the beginning, when the repeat barline symbol is automatically generated each time? I need to be able to move this symbol back one bar, put in the pickup chords, then generate the barline symbol.
        By the way..thanks for this is easier than reading the manual

  15. Mikael

    Thanks for providing great information about B I A B! I wonder, must I have type the chords I want to use? Can’t I just play them on my midi keyboard like any DAW-program?

    1. Dirk Laukens

      Hi Mikael, you can input chords with a MIDI keyboard, but not in real-time (you have to press “CTRL + ENTER” after you have played each chord). There is a way to enter chords in real-time, but it involves a third-party application called AutoHotKey.

      1. Mikael

        Thanks Dirk! I’ll try that.

  16. TaS

    Hi Dirk, really appreciate the tutorial on how to use Biab, which I already have and learning to use. I downloaded the Real Book for Biab from your lesson website, but how do I open it in Biab?

  17. Ken Bahadur

    Hello Dirk,
    I have been a BIAB user for years and, more recently, been making tracks for a friend. I usually generate MIDI files for him to add his vocals since the MIDI allows individual instruments to be turned on or off in playback. Please note that BIAB RealTracks are not usually exported with the MIDI since those tracks are WAV files. It may be a small point but good to know.

  18. Heiner Mitza

    Hallo Dirk. I really love your work although it comes 30 years too late for me. I needed your help when I tried to figure out what jazz guitar is in Germany in the seventies.
    Concerning BIAB, is there any chance to get out a mp3 or wav file to play it back on an other device than my computer?
    Keep going on that way and best wishes

    1. Dirk Laukens

      Hi Heiner, 30 years ago I was playing my first chords on guitar 🙂 Sure, you can export the complete backing track or separate instruments to mp3 or wav. Cheers!

  19. Christian Wohlert

    Hello Dirk – congrats on the site which looks and holds much more interesting material than last time I visited which is quite some time ago. I would like to know whether this tutorial works the same way for MAC as for Windows? I really appreciate the work you are doing. Best Regards from Christian W

    1. Dirk Laukens

      Hi Christian, I believe most, if not all, things featured in this tutorial also works on the Mac version.

  20. Graham

    Hi, I use cheap laptops and throw them away when they break, would I be able to transfer BIAB to another laptop if I buy it? Thanks, Graham

    1. Dirk Laukens

      Sure Graham, you can use BIAB on three computers simultaneously and after that, you can transfer your license to a new machine.

      1. Graham Swire

        OK, Great, does it display in TAB form too?

        1. Dirk Laukens

          Yes, guitar tabs are supported in BIAB.

          1. donojazz

            You could also run BIAB off a portable hard disk or thumb drive…

            1. Rien

              Yes, I use a portable harddisk, no probs.

  21. Bill Hallworth

    Hey Dirk
    Thanks for the tips, It looks like a great tool and I will get it soon. At the moment my main problem is getting a good lean tone on my uploads to you tube. Can BIAB be used for this.
    At the moment I’m using. A Gibson ES335 slim neck with burstbuckers via Boss 300 looper, through a Roland Blues cube artist and recording directly from the amp into my IPad using the video . Do I change the sound after recording and save before I upload ? I’m confused!!

  22. Lamarche Christian

    I have one question : how create a Band in a box score , let say from 32 measures, one time with only bass and piano for my first improv, second time with a saxo from Band in a box, third time with bass, drums for my second improvisation, fourth with by exemple trumpet and saxo?

    Best regards

    1. Dirk Laukens

      Hi Christian, to do that, you set the “Choruses” field to 1, you input your 32 bars and copy them another three times. Then, at the relevant bars, you press “F5” (bar settings) and you make the changes you need… Cheers!

  23. Jack

    It is stated that I can input my own guitar playing “live”…can I also input a vocal track? And most important, will BIAB generate the sheet music for either? Notation on staff paper?

    1. Dirk Laukens

      Hi Jack, yes, you can record a vocal track or any instrument for that matter. BIAB can’t generate the sheet music for these recordings though. The only audio to notation conversion it can do is extract the chord progression from an audio file.

  24. Sebastien Pierre-Marie

    It would be fine to have it in french.

    1. Johannes Widi

      There are BIAB versions in French for both Windows and the Mac

    2. Dirk Laukens

      Hi Sebastien, BIAB for Mac is available in English, German, French, and Italian. BIAB for Windows is available in English, Danish, German, Spanish, French, Italian, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Japanese, Korean, Chinese, and Russian. Languages can be changed at any time…

      1. Anonymous

        Hello Dirk,

        I purchased an earlier version of BIAB via your webiste.

        Can you offer the new BIAB as an upgrade to the earlier version?

        What would be the rate , please cld you mention (as an upgrade compared to when purchasing the new BIAB without upgrade from earlier version) pls,

        thank you in advance, Alex

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