1. #1

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    An article from Keyboard Magazine 2020
    What is harmonic planing and how to use it in your playing, compositions and productions | MusicRadar

    It doesn't really get into how to use it took connect chords on standards, which is how I mostly use "planing".

    There's an error, it's not a picture of McCoy Tyner.
    Last edited by rintincop; 08-07-2020 at 03:48 PM.


    The Jazz Guitar Chord Dictionary
  3. #2

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    Never heard of "planing" but it looks like it is used to describe three of the four types of chord change:

    - diatonic (changing chord type as needed, root movement with regard to harmonized scale)
    - chromatic (maintaining chord type, chromatic root movement)
    - mixed (maintaining chord type, any root without regard to harmonized scale)
    - functional (changing chord type and/or root movement as needed with regard to progression)

    I view the first three as totally included within the fourth, so I guess the three types of planing serve to describe pieces of functional harmony where the planing types are used constructively (deliberately), or as the article suggests, as a motivation for composition.

    The photo is of George Colligan, perhaps the author.

  4. #3

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    Debussy' parallel harmony.

    Playing the same chord shape in succession, but in different keys.

  5. #4

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    There was a cool paper I was reading that was discussing how these harmonic ideas might have originated from African harmonic practices, for instance ‘spanning’ techniques on the balafon.

    The Wikipedia article is a good intro.
    Traditional sub-Saharan African harmony - Wikipedia

  6. #5

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    Villa-Lobos uses planing all the time in his guitar music. For example, half of the 1st Etude is a diminished chord moving down in chromatic steps. I hear he didn‘t come up with the concept himself (Debussy influence?) but of course the guitar leads itself to planing.

    There is a master thesis available on the web somewhere: VILLA-LOBOS’S CINQ PRÉLUDES: AN ANALYSIS OF INFLUENCES by JOY HUETHER that traces planing in the Five Preludes. I‘m not familiar with the rest of his work so I don‘t know how much the technique is used in other works.

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  7. #6

  8. #7

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    A much more common way to refer to this is "intervallic voicings", or, for soloing, intervallic playing. It is very interesting and easy to do, taking a chord shape, studying its intervals and then just move it up and down a scale.

    It is great practice on outside playing as well, when you start to follow the intervals instead of the scale. For example, stick with major thirds instead of adjusting them (minor or major) according to the scale. Kind of an acquired taste in sound..

    John Abercrombie uses a lot of these voicings in his playing and composing, Mick Goodrick too.

  9. #8

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    I’m not a fan of too much parallel motion, but of course the chromatic planing is dead guitaristic. You can swap out all your chords for diatonic intervallic clusters.

    To break it up why not invert the voicings?