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  1. #1

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    The Jazz Guitar Chord Dictionary
     
  3. #2

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    I'm bringing Howard's post over from the song poll thread (another backing track and lead sheet):

    Quote Originally Posted by wizard3739

    Maybe this will help, tytlfamily, the backing track is a BIAB realtracks version in a Bill Evans Trio Style. It has a 4 bar intro and 4 choruses in a ballad format.

    Autumn Leaves_Render.mp3 - File Shared from Box - Free Online File Storage <---backing track

    Autumn Leaves.pdf - File Shared from Box - Free Online File Storage <---PDF lead sheet

    wiz
    Last edited by fep; 02-02-2012 at 10:52 AM.

  4. #3

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    These threads have moved a bit towards 'Showcase' threads in the past few months.

    I'm going to try to add a bit more 'Study Group' to these 'Study Group' threads. So, I would encourage folks to share their knowledge and approach to the song. Perhaps some discussion of your approach (arps, scales, around the melody etc.) And perhaps some discussion of what you discover as you go thru your steps to learn the tune... Just saying...

    I'm going to list some things someone can do when learning a tune:

    - Find some recordings by the masters that you like and listen a bunch of times
    - Learn the melody in a few positions, a couple octaves, a few keys.
    - Learn to sing the melody (and the words?)
    - Learn the chords and practice comping, in a few places on the neck and a few keys
    - Analyze the chord progression
    - Come up with some scales and arps you like over the progression
    - Transcribe a solo or part of a solo
    - Jam over the progression
    - Write down some licks you like that you discovered while doing some of the above steps
    - Write a chord melody
    - Write and intro and/or outro
    - Record yourself playing the tune and share on this thread (Yes, we'll still showcase... of course)

    and... I'm sure there's more that I can't think of.

    If is some of us go thru some of those steps, I'm sure we'll come up with some good stuff to share.

  5. #4

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    I'm glad this song won, since it's the only jazz tune I have attempted this process with. Haven't gotten too far with it since this whole process seems a bit daunting when you don't already have an arsenal of chords and scales at the ready.
    However, I realize this is the best way to start having some of these chords and scales stick in my brain so I'm going to make a serious attempt at this.

    There are about a million versions of this song out there, what are some good versions for a newb to reference? For learning the melody, should I find a vocal version? The instrumental versions seem to bury the melody in the improv. Should I start out transcribing the melody first?

    I have lots more questions, but will start with those and I'm anxious to see what other methods people employ in this process.

  6. #5

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    Regarding chord selection, I know there is no easy answer to this question, but I'll ask anyway. When would you use the big fat Mickey Baker chords as opposed to using more open voicings or voicings using only the top 4 strings. Are there any general guidelines for using partial chords vs full chords, or is it just a matter of what you want to hear?

  7. #6

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    Quote Originally Posted by guitarify
    There are about a million versions of this song out there, what are some good versions for a newb to reference? For learning the melody, should I find a vocal version? The instrumental versions seem to bury the melody in the improv. Should I start out transcribing the melody first?
    I can't think of a version... I'd be looking on Youtube for Miles and Jim Hall first, but those are just a couple of my favorites.

    I'd learn the melody off of the lead sheet. Note that you can play around with the rhythm of the melody, it's not played exactly as written. That's why it's good to listen to a few other versions. Vocal versions are good and perhaps won't be as embellished.

    But, if you want to multitask and combine learning the melody with some ear training, then go for transcribing it. Some folks feel if you learn the melody by ear you are much more likely to remember it.

  8. #7

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    Quote Originally Posted by larryb
    Regarding chord selection, I know there is no easy answer to this question, but I'll ask anyway. When would you use the big fat Mickey Baker chords as opposed to using more open voicings or voicings using only the top 4 strings. Are there any general guidelines for using partial chords vs full chords, or is it just a matter of what you want to hear?
    Yes there is no easy answer.

    Things to consider... The instrumentation of the band, if you are the only chordal instrument you don't have to consider what the other piano/vibes/guitar is doing.

    The effect you are after, compare Freddie Green to Jim Hall for instance.

    I think the best way to answer this question is with critical listening.

    Listen to the backing track I attached and the interaction between the piano and the guitar. In that track the guitar is playing on the down beats with fairly full chords and is playing a percussive style. The Piano is more sparse and playing fills and small chord voicings. That approach works well.
    Last edited by fep; 02-03-2012 at 10:53 AM.

  9. #8

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    My guitar teacher of several years ago gave me this assignment. To fill the gaps in the melody with arpeggios and write it out. So what you are about to watch is the result of that assignment. Not improvisation, this was from playing around with arpeggios, finding arpeggio lines that I liked and then writing them out.

    Note the pdf file is attached at the bottom of this thread.



    Autumn Leaves Excercise - Arps with 3rd as Target Tone.pdf - File Shared from Box - Free Online File Storage
    Last edited by fep; 02-03-2012 at 10:54 AM.

  10. #9

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    Quote Originally Posted by fep
    These threads have moved a bit towards 'Showcase' threads in the past few months.

    I'm going to try to add a bit more 'Study Group' to these 'Study Group' threads. So, I would encourage folks to share their knowledge and approach to the song. Perhaps some discussion of your approach (arps, scales, around the melody etc.) And perhaps some discussion of what you discover as you go thru your steps to learn the tune... Just saying...

    I'm going to list some things someone can do when learning a tune:

    - Find some recordings by the masters that you like and listen a bunch of times
    - Learn the melody in a few positions, a couple octaves, a few keys.
    - Learn to sing the melody (and the words?)
    - Learn the chords and practice comping, in a few places on the neck and a few keys
    - Analyze the chord progression
    - Come up with some scales and arps you like over the progression
    - Transcribe a solo or part of a solo
    - Jam over the progression
    - Write down some licks you like that you discovered while doing some of the above steps
    - Write a chord melody
    - Write and intro and/or outro
    - Record yourself playing the tune and share on this thread (Yes, we'll still showcase... of course)

    and... I'm sure there's more that I can't think of.

    If is some of us go thru some of those steps, I'm sure we'll come up with some good stuff to share.
    This is a good idea Frank; what I learned most from in the early threads was suggestions of what to play/how to approach parts. Unfortunately, those suggestions sometimes cause heated exchanges. This is sad as I genuinely learn from ANY suggestions. A further impediment is the range of skills here. Some folks are easily pro level players; others are good hobbyists; others are beginners (to Jazz). I need Jazz 101 suggestions.

    Thanks again for the efforts to keep these threads alive and kicking.

    Des

  11. #10

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    Quote Originally Posted by guitarify

    There are about a million versions of this song out there, what are some good versions for a newb to reference? For learning the melody, should I find a vocal version? The instrumental versions seem to bury the melody in the improv. Should I start out transcribing the melody first?

    I have lots more questions, but will start with those and I'm anxious to see what other methods people employ in this process.
    Hi! This is one jazz standard I've known a long time - my mom used to sing it while I played with toy cars beneath her ironing board. She sang and ironed. It's one of the standards I can almost play, too : )

    I never thought I'd be saying it, but the best "learning" version I know of is one released not long ago by (drum roll) Eric Clapton. He sings the melody exactly, and he plays the exact (or almost) melody on guitar. Later he improvises his ass off, but the first time is the bare melody. It's in B minor, but just listen a few times (or a few dozen times) and you'll pick it up. As Frank said, try to get it by ear first - then go to the page.


  12. #11

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    I'm pretty sure I've posted this on the site before, but I think this will work nicely in the discussion--essentially a dissection of a solo arrangement and a few thoughts about improvising on the structure...



    Last edited by mr. beaumont; 02-08-2012 at 06:28 PM.

  13. #12

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    Quote Originally Posted by Dazz
    This is a good idea Frank; what I learned most from in the early threads was suggestions of what to play/how to approach parts. Unfortunately, those suggestions sometimes cause heated exchanges. This is sad as I genuinely learn from ANY suggestions. A further impediment is the range of skills here. Some folks are easily pro level players; others are good hobbyists; others are beginners (to Jazz). I need Jazz 101 suggestions.

    Thanks again for the efforts to keep these threads alive and kicking.

    Des
    Cool Dazz,

    One thing I should mention... That list I made, you don't have to do every one of those things to learn a tune. Some of them I always do, but others, like transcribing, I don't do on every tune I learn.

    I agree with you about including some Jazz 101 suggestions in the discussion. I can always review the foundation and it makes these threads more inclusive for various player levels.

  14. #13

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    Quote Originally Posted by mr. beaumont
    I'm pretty sure I've posted this on the site before, but I think this will work nicely in the discussion--essentially a dissection of a solo arrangement and a few thoughts about improvising on the structure...

    Great lesson Jeff. Digging those open chord voicings and the gypsy flash too. Well explained and easy to follow too.

  15. #14

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    This is a great video lesson, Jeff! I loved the way you referred to the chord/melody realationship as you were going through the song. This is a VERY practical and useful approach to learning a chord melody version of a song. Also, the open-string choices you made added a special acoustic quality with a nice personal touch to the song. Well done!!

    wiz

  16. #15

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    I was hesitant to put up this version of Autumn Leaves because it is kind of noisy and I didn't do much analysis for the tune. The backing track is the one fep moved from another thread. It is BIAB realtracks Bill Evans trio ballad style with 4 choruses and a 4 bar intro. The first chorus is me trying to comp and the other three choruses are my improvisation with an 8 bar tag ending. My analysis would consist of thinking of the tune in E minor (Melodic Minor/natural minor) with arpeggios and motifs connected mostly by ear. I like this old tune but usually play it as a slow Bossa with a vocalist during the dinner hour. Any comments to help me improve the improvisation and comping would be sincerely appreciated.

    Autumn Leaves improv.mp3 - File Shared from Box - Free Online File Storage

    wiz

  17. #16

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    Quote Originally Posted by fep
    My guitar teacher of several years ago gave me this assignment. To fill the gaps in the melody with arpeggios and write it out. So what you are about to watch is the result of that assignment. Not improvisation, this was from playing around with arpeggios, finding arpeggio lines that I liked and then writing them out.

    Note the pdf file is attached at the bottom of this thread.



    Autumn Leaves Excercise - Arps with 3rd as Target Tone.pdf - File Shared from Box - Free Online File Storage
    Thanks FEP, this will be a useful approach for me as I am currently learning the arps for 2-5-1s.

  18. #17

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    And Jeff, that was some cool stuff your doing. I think I need to beef up my chord vocabulary a bit more before I attempt something like that. But it was still really interesting to watch, and hopefully a few ideas crept into my sub consciousness.

  19. #18

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    So I was experimenting with comping and wanted a recording so I could evaluate what it all sounds like. Which do you like best of examples 1, 2, 3, 4?

    Suggestions, critiques etc. please.


  20. #19

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    I like the turnaround in example 2. Though it's useful to see all the variations.

    I just barely began figuring out the chords, and my first instinct was to find them around the middle of the fretboard. I mapped out the melody up there already, so I was looking for chords in the same area in hopes up eventually combining them into a chord-melody type arrangement.

    Is there a reason you tended to stay mostly up at the end of the fretboard? Do those tones sit better with a band?

  21. #20

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    Quote Originally Posted by guitarify
    Is there a reason you tended to stay mostly up at the end of the fretboard? Do those tones sit better with a band?
    Good point... I suppose it comes from Mickey Baker and Freddie Green.

    But comparing those examples on my video, I thought a lot of it was too muddy for me. Although the point was to be part of the rhythm section and not stand out or grab attention.

    I thought example four sounded better as it wasn't muddy.

    I suppose another way to reduce the mud is in the eq on the amp or tone control on the guitar (although I was at 10 on my guitar tone control).

  22. #21

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    Quote Originally Posted by fep
    So I was experimenting with comping and wanted a recording so I could evaluate what it all sounds like. Which do you like best of examples 1, 2, 3, 4?

    Suggestions, critiques etc. please.

    I did this like this so I could share, and perhaps some of your might want to use this (note there is a pdf attached at the bottom of this post):
    From examples 1-4, I liked 2 best. Besides sounding good on its own, the turnaround really meshed with the bass player, which created a nice effect. Of all 6 examples, 5 was by far my favourite.

    One minor quibble - I assume you're going for Freddie Green style comping in examples 1-4 and 6, and for the most part you nail it and it sounds really good, but occasionally you let the 4th beat ring out, rather than cutting it short. I know this wasn't exactly a performance piece, so I hate to even bring that up, but you did ask for critiques, and it's the only thing I noticed.

  23. #22

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    Quote Originally Posted by JazzReggie
    From examples 1-4, I liked 2 best. Besides sounding good on its own, the turnaround really meshed with the bass player, which created a nice effect. Of all 6 examples, 5 was by far my favourite.

    One minor quibble - I assume you're going for Freddie Green style comping in examples 1-4 and 6, and for the most part you nail it and it sounds really good, but occasionally you let the 4th beat ring out, rather than cutting it short. I know this wasn't exactly a performance piece, so I hate to even bring that up, but you did ask for critiques, and it's the only thing I noticed.
    I glad you brought it up, you are right in that I don't want the 4th beat to ring out. I'll have to keep an eye on that, or should I say an ear on that. Thanks

  24. #23

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    Good beginner vid with scale scale/pattern explanations.



    Sailor

  25. #24

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    Rereading this thread, I realized I had not heard the recording Wizard3739. I really liked the sound and phrasing.

    Sailor, very good recording, in addition to teaching.

    Here is another recording I made but with a backing track of who is in Gm Aebersold and faster tempo.


  26. #25

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    Quote Originally Posted by Sailor
    Good beginner vid with scale scale/pattern explanations.



    Sailor
    Good tone and presentation, Sailor. I liked the "feel" and the way you connected and moved through the changes. Good analysis on the screen.

    wiz

  27. #26

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    As a beginner/hobbyist I find this thread very timely. I'm just starting to learn arpeggio-based soloing, and AL would be *the* tune to experiment with, right?

    Right now I'm starting the 2nd part of the Mikey Baker book, where he teaches building solos using arpeggios. Looking at the Vanilla Changes for the song, I'm using the following arpeggios to build my solo:

    For the verse:


    | Am | % | Gmaj | % | B7b9 | % | Em | % |
    | Am | % | Gmaj | % | B7b9 | % | Em | % |


    For the chorus:

    | B7b9 | % | Em | % | Am | % | Gmaj | % |
    | B7b9 | % | Em | % | B7b9 | % | Em | % |


    This *seems* to work fine, for a very basic solo. Am I too far off the mark?

    My idea is, once I can build a solo using these arpeggios, to use the arp's for the chords as they appear in the Real Book. At this point, I will be moving between arp's twice as fast, so it will make sense to start to study the chapters in the Baker Book that talk about connecting arpeggios.

    By the way, what's up with the 2 bars that go

    Em7 Eb7 | Dm7 Db7

    ? The Sixth Edition Real Book has them as

    Em7 A7 | Dm7 C7

    and the Vanilla Book as just

    Em | Em

    Why are the 2 non-vanilla versions back-cycling to a C, but then instead of C you get F#mb5?

  28. #27

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    Hey Fep, love that arrangement! It's pretty close to what I am hoping to do. I may have to steal some ideas from yours

  29. #28

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    And why not...


  30. #29

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    well if you’re going to do it, I will too. This is about 10 years old though!


  31. #30

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    They'll all be at it now, thank god. Summat to do, innit? All those luvly tunes just waiting for us...

    You were younger then, now look at you :-)

  32. #31

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    I'm ashamed to admit I don't know this tune. Summertime either. For that matter, pretty much all the "top" standards I have yet to learn. I keep telling myself I'm going to sit down and do it....and it never seems to happen.

  33. #32

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    Well, that's just naughty!

    ... and the living is easy da da da :-)